Mice & Rats, Pigeons And Squirrels

PICK YOUR PEST

MICE & RATS

SPECIES

Rats

  • Brown Rat (Rattus Norvegicus)

Mice

  • House Mouse (Mus Domesticus)
  • Field Mouse (Apodemus Sylvaticus)
  • Yellow Necked Field House (Apodemus Flavicollis)

APPEARANCE

Rats

  • Combined head & body Length: 200 – 270mm
  • Average weight: 250-500g. (Max 700 gms)
  • Coarse brown (occasionally black) fur, with a pale underside.
  • Tails are 150 – 210 mm.-
  • Blunt nose, small ears with a tail shorter than the head and body.
  • Sexually mature at: 8 – 12 weeks.
  • Gestation period: 21 – 24 days.
  • Litter size (average): 6 – 11.
  • Weaning period: 3 – 4 weeks.

Mice

  • Combined head and body length: 70 – 90mm.
  • Mice usually less than 23g (average 15 – 18g)
  • Length of hind feet: 16 – 19mm- Brown-Grey fur, with slightly lighter under-parts.
  • House mice have large ears, a pointed nose and the tail is usually around 80% length of the head and body.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

Rats

  • Rats are very adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats, usually in close conjunction with humans. Burrowing, but sometimes climbing they are the only species to occur in UK sewers.
  • Norway rats are omnivorous eating fish, vegetables, weeds, earthworms, nuts and fruit, but prefer protein-rich foods, such as cereals.
  • They will eat around 30g of food a day and drink 60ml.
  • Rats are typically nocturnal, although they will sometimes forage for food during the day if colonies become too over populated.
  • They live in loose colonies, made up of aggregations of clans – usually defending their territory from other rats – the biggest rats are dominant over their smaller counterparts.
  • Brown rats swim well and are sometimes mistaken for water voles. They have well-developed senses of hearing and smell.

LIFE SPAN

RATS

  • Can live up to 18 months in the wild, but 3 – 4 years domestically.

MICE

  • Sexually mature at: 8 – 12 weeks.
  • Gestation period: 17 – 20 days.
  • Litter size (average): 5 – 6.- Weaning period: 3 weeks.

IMPORTANT

RATS

  • As with mice, look out for holes, droppings, smear marks and unpleasant smells as these are signs a building may be being used as a run.
  • They are subject to persistent pest control due to the damage they cause and the numerous diseases they spread.
  • Along with house mice, they are considered to be the most widespread terrestrial mammal.

MICE

  • Look out for holes, droppings, smear marks and unpleasant smells as these are signs a building may be being used as a run.
  • Mice are subject to persistent pest control due to the damage they cause and the numerous diseases they spread.
  • Along with rats, they are considered to be the most widespread terrestrial mammals.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

Mice

  • Mice are usually ground living, found in areas near to human habitation nesting around the undisturbed parts of buildings climbing through wall cavities and voids using them as tunnels.
  • They are also found in open fields burrowing, building complex tunnel systems with several exits.
  • Mice are omnivorous but prefer to eat cereals and insects.
  • They will eat around 3g of food and drink up to 3ml a day if their diet is particularly dry, although the can survive without any additional water.
  • Mice are typically nocturnal, although they will sometimes forage for food during the day if colonies become too over populated.

PIGEONS

SPECIES

  • Wood Pigeon (Columba Palumbus)
  • Stock Dove (Columba Oenas)
  • Rock Dove (Columba Livia)
  • Collared Dove (Streptopelia Decaocto)
  • Turtle Dove (Streptopelia Turtur)

APPEARANCE

  • Length: 29-33cm.
  • Weight: 260-580g.
  • Grey, slightly iridescent feathers on the neck that shine pink and green in the sunlight.
  • Other colours include white, brownish-red, and mixtures.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

  • Nests are built by the female using material collected by the male.
  • They roost together in buildings, ledges, lofts, walls or even statues in towns and cities.
  • Pigeons feed on seeds, bread, vegetables, meat and other food discarded by humans.
  • Pigeons are able to dip their bills into the water and drink continuously without having to tilt their heads back.
  • Young pigeons are known as squabs.
  • They are fed from a special substance produced in the pigeon’s crop known as pigeon milk.
  • When disturbed, a pigeon in a group will take off with a noisy clapping sound.
  • This informs other pigeons that there is danger present.
  • They are capable of rapid dives and changes in direction and most of the time will easily out manoeuvre a bird of prey, as they can reach speeds of up to 50mph.
  • They are resident and do not migrate.

LIFE SPAN

  • Adult life of 1-3 months she is capable of producing 4-5 batches of 100-150 eggs.
  • The eggs hatch in 8 – 48 hours, the maggot larvae burrow away from light, after 3 moults reach maturity at a length of 10-12mm.
  • The full cycle is generally completed between 1 and 4 weeks, depending upon temperature and food sources.
  • In warm environments houseflies remain active and reproduce throughout the year.

IMPORTANT

  • Do not feed pigeons around your building. This could lead to them nesting nearby.
  • Their acidic droppings can erode most surfaces, causing structural degradation to your building.
  • The best known disease passed from birds to man is Psittacosis. Fouling can be a public health hazard and must be cleaned regularly.

SQUIRRELS

SPECIES

 

  • Grey Squirrels (Sciurus Carolinensis)
  • Red Squirrels (Sciurus Vulgaris)

APPEARANCE

  • Head and body length: 25-26.5cm.
  • Weight (adult): about 500gm.-
  • Tail length: around 22cm
  • Grey fur with large bushy tails

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

  • Squirrels are commonly found in deciduous and mixed woodlands, they are also found in hedgerows, banking, gardens, trees and farms.
  • Dreys (nests) are compact and sphere-shaped. 30-60cm in diameter and surrounded by twigs, dry leaves and grass inside.
  • Squirrels feed on acorns, tree shoots, flowers, nuts, fruits, roots and cereals. Food is eaten at ground level.
  • Their range covers 2-10 hectares and they bury spare food 2-5cm below the soil or in tree hollows.
  • They are diurnal, active before sunrise and after sunset.
  • The peak of activity is in the autumn.

LIFE SPAN

  • Squirrels breed around February/March and occasionally again in June/July.
  • They can have 1 – 3 litters a year and around 1 – 7 young per litter.
  • The gestation periods last around 45 days, weaned after 8 – 10 weeks.
  • Capable of breeding at around 7 months but on average this takes place at around 10 – 12 months.
  • In the wild less than 1% live for more than 6 years but have they have been known to live to 8 or 9 years.

IMPORTANT

  • Squirrels can nest in lofts, wall cavities, and the void in-between false walls.
  • By gnawing they can damage tree bark and the fabric of buildings.
  • Grey squirrels are widespread and not protected in the UK.

GET IN TOUCH

Do you have a pest problem? We can help! Get in touch either using our from or our details below and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

0800 195 3464

Key West House,
17 Pinders Green Dr, Methley, Leeds LS26 9BA

 

info@keywestpestcontrol.co.uk

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LET US PROTECT YOUR HOME OR BUSINESS

At Key West Pest Control, we understand that both residential and commercial pest control issues need to be dealt with immediately in order for your home or business to continue running smoothly.

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Saturday: 9am - 5pm
Sunday: Closed

GET IN TOUCH

0800 195 3464 (Local Rate)
01977 515000 
info@keywestpestcontrol.co.uk