Fleas, Cockroaches, Ants and Bedbugs

PICK YOUR PEST

FLEAS

SPECIES

  • Cat Flea (Ctenocephalidesfelis)
  • Dog Flea (Ctenocephalidescanis)
  • Human Flea (Pulexirritans)
  • Bird Flea (Ceratophyllusgall)

APPEARANCE

  • Length: Around 2mm.
  • Compressed flattened bodies with over lapping toughened plates.
  • Long well developed hind legs for jumping.
  • Greyish through to dark mahogany in colour.
  • Mouthparts adapted to piercing and sucking with small eyes and they are covered with backward-directed bristles and spines.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

Adults can survive several weeks without a blood meal. The larvae thrive in dark, humid places such as animal bedding and carpet fluff, and feed on organic debris and adult flea excrement.

Adults feed on the blood of the species to which they are adapted but will feed on other animals in the absence of the normal host.
Living on our pets and irritating humans a source of blood is valuable part of the diet.

LIFE SPAN

Eggs – 0.5mm pearly white they are laid in carpets, between floorboards, on fur, bedding and on clothing.

These hatch in 2 – 3 days.Larva – whitish up to 5mm long they thrive best in dark humid places like underneath furniture, after 2 -3 moults these are fully grown in 3 – 4 weeks.

Pupa – cocoons incorporating debris to feed from they are spun by the larva. The development time is dependent on the temperature. Their emergence is in response to vibration. Adults – once emerged from the flimsy cocoon they rapidly find a host for their first blood meal.

IMPORTANT

  • Wall-to-wall carpeting provides a relatively undisturbed environment for flea larvae to develop, whilst central heating has served to ensure the ideal temperature conditions.
  • Irritation and allergic reactions can be cause from bites. Scientists believe that fleas were the cause of the plague being transferred to humans back in 1665.
  • Fleas can be vectors of disease or may transmit parasitic worms.
  • These can sometimes be transmitted to humans.

COCKROACHES

SPECIES

  • German Cockroaches (Blatella Germanica)
  • Oriental Cockroaches (Blatta Orientalis)
  • American Cockroaches (Periplaneta Americana)
  • Brown Banded Cockroaches (Supella Longipalpa)

APPEARANCE

German Cockroach

  • Adults – 12 – 15mm long.
  • Pronotum yellow with 2 dark brown stripes.
  • The wings are as long as the body or slightly overlapping on males.
  • Long antennae and spiny legs with 2 anal cerci visible on females

Oriental Cockroach

  • Adults – 17 – 30 mm long.
  • Their colour is a dark brown almost shiny black.
  • Head tucked beneath pronotum, long antennae and spiny legs with 2 anal cerci.
  • It is dangerous to swat a wasp near its nest site or to attempt to remove the nest yourself, as wasps can sting repeatedly.
  • The wings are undeveloped in female but on the male they cover two-thirds of his abdomen.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

German Cockroach

  • Being nocturnal they hide in the cracks and crevices around sinks, cookers and motor compartments of house hold appliances.
  • They can scale rough and smooth surfaces.
  • Mostly found in the heated areas of buildings such as kitchens and boiler rooms as they need high temperatures for optimum breeding.
  • Being omnivorous they scavenge for organic material.
  • They also need to be near a water source for regular drinking.
  • Cockroaches are very common in commercial premises associated with the production or handling of food.
  • Egg cases or adults can be transported into your premises on incoming crates, packaging and laundry.

LIFE SPAN

German Cockroach

  • Eggs – Each ootheca (egg case) is around 6mm long and contains 30 – 40 eggs.
  • Females carry the ootheca until just before it hatches – some 2 – 4 weeks later.
  • Nymphs – will hatch and pass through 5-7 moults before reaching maturity. This is hugely influenced by temperature.
  • Adults – emerge between 2 ½ months and 6 months later usually living for around 6 months.

Oriental Cockroach

  • Eggs – ootheca (around 5 laid at intervals by female) each contain on average 16 eggs.
  • These are deposited when they are fully formed in harbourages. Incubation is 6 – 12 weeks later dependent on temperature.
  • Nymphs – progress through 7-10 moults before reaching maturity. Developing into adults may take up to 18 months.
  • Adults – can live up to 6 months.

IMPORTANT

  • Can spread various human diseases by walking over food and preparation areas.
  • Omnivorous they can survive for longs periods of time on a limited food source.
  • Being nocturnal could mean you do not notice them during the day.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

Oriental Cockroach

  • Cockroaches are very common in commercial premises associated with the production or handling of food.
  • Egg cases or adults can be transported into your premises on incoming crates, packaging and laundry.
  • They can survive lower temperatures than other cockroaches so can also be found outdoors.
  • Mostly found less cooler, less humid areas such as basements and drains.
  • Oriental cockroaches can climb rough but not smooth vertical surfaces.

ANTS

SPECIES

  • Garden Ant (Lasius Niger)
  • Pharaoh Ant (Monomorium Pharaonis)
  • Pavement Ant (Tetramorium Caespitum)
  • Ghost Ant (Tapinoma Melanocephalum)

APPEARANCE

Garden Ant

  • Workers 4-5mm long.
  • Queens 15mm long.
  • Dark brown-black in colour.
  • 1 small segment at waist point (pedicel).
  • No sting present.

Pharaoh Ant

  • Workers 1.5–2mm long, yellow–brown with brown abdomen.
  • Males 3mm long, black and winged.
  • Queens 3.5–6mm long, dark red in colour with wings.
  • Black eyes. 2 small segments at the pedicel.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

Garden Ant

  • Foraging worker ants follow well–defined trails around food sources. Sweet foods are preferred but high protein foods will also be taken.
  • Swarming characteristics – mating between queens and fertile males takes place on the wing during late summer and the males perish after mating.
  • Nest locations – often outdoors in soil and below paving slabs on the sunny side of buildings. Nest locations can be identified by the presence of finely powdered soil around nest exit holes.

LIFE SPAN

Garden Ant

  • Queens over winter in soil. The eggs are laid in late spring and the larvae hatch 3–4 weeks later.
  • Larvae feed on secretions from the queen’s salivary glands until the first worker ants emerge.
  • Worker ants continue with larval care, nest building and food foraging.
  • Fertile males are produced later in the season.

Pharaoh Ant

  • Multi–queen colonies.
  • Swarming can take place at any time of the year.
  • Winged adults seldom fly so rarely seen. Wings are soon lost after mating.

IMPORTANT

  • The Black Garden Ant enjoys a varied diet, ranging from fresh and sugary fruits to insects, dead or alive.
  • Pharaoh Ants infest areas such as kitchens and patios, often in large groups, and are known to sting and bite.
  • Ghost Ants occupy roughly the same areas as Pharaoh Ants, including houses, hospitals, public buildings, greenhouses and zoos.
  • Ghost Ants are famous for the coconut like odour they release when crushed.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

Pharaoh Ant

  • Well–defined trails are laid which are often associated with heating systems. Feeds indoors on high protein foods — meat, fats, blood, dead insects, etc.
  • Swarming characteristics — new colonies are often formed through nests that have been disturbed e.g., as a result of insecticide spray treatments. Each queen produces up to 3500 eggs in its lifetime.
  • Nest locations — deep seated in cavities in heated buildings. Often found in hospitals. Associated with humid conditions. Colonies can range from a few dozen to 300,000 individuals.

BEDBUGS

SPECIES

  • Bedbugs (Cimex Lectularius)

APPEARANCE

  • The eggs are tiny and hard to see with a white cap
  • Adults – around 6mm their bodies are oval and flattened.
  • Recently fed they will then change to a red – brown colour.
  • They have piercing mouth-parts adapted for sucking, simple antennae, legs and claws for clinging on to hosts, whilst feeding.

HABITS & BEHAVIOUR

  • They can be found in any cracks and crevices such as: headboards, behind peeling wallpaper, broken plaster, light switches, plug sockets, under carpets and skirting boards.
  • Their flattened bodies enable them to fit into tiny crevices but are also found in soft furnishings such as clothes, mattresses seams, curtains, bed sheets.
  • Feeding usually takes around 10 minutes and although nocturnal they may appear in the day when hungry.
  • Bed Bugs prefer to hide close to where people sleep.
  • They lay dormant and wait until a host is asleep before feeding.
  • Many people will be bitten without even seeing any evidence of the bugs.- Although Bed Bugs prefer feeding on humans, they will also bite other warm-blooded animals, including pets.

LIFE SPAN

  • Eggs – Up to 200 are laid in a life time.
  • 4 – 5 are laid per day and are glued in cracks and crevices.
  • Newly hatched nymphs are no bigger than a pinhead.
  • These only hatch above 13°C.- Nymphs – 5 moults taking from a few weeks to several months depending on food and conditions.
  • Limited access to a blood meal extends the development time. As they grow, they shed their skin.
  • A blood meal is needed between each successive moult.

IMPORTANT

  • Bed Bugs can be transported on clothing, in luggage, bedding and furniture but are very rarely found on hosts.
  • They can ingest 7 times their body weight in blood.
  • This enables them to go for prolonged periods without feeding.
  • The adults are highly resistant to starvation (up to one year) and low temperatures so thorough treatments of surrounding areas must be carried out.

GET IN TOUCH

Do you have a pest problem? We can help! Get in touch either using our from or our details below and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

0800 195 3464

Key West House,
17 Pinders Green Dr, Methley, Leeds LS26 9BA

 

info@keywestpestcontrol.co.uk

GET A FREE CALL OUT OR CALL BACK

LET US PROTECT YOUR HOME OR BUSINESS

At Key West Pest Control, we understand that both residential and commercial pest control issues need to be dealt with immediately in order for your home or business to continue running smoothly.

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Saturday: 9am - 5pm
Sunday: Closed

GET IN TOUCH

0800 195 3464 (Local Rate)
01977 515000 
info@keywestpestcontrol.co.uk